2018: building valves manufacturers slightly above zero
“once in the first half of 2018, the positive impetus from the european countries aroused the hope of a more dynamic growth, waned in the further course of the year by equally declining business at home and abroad”, explains wolfgang burchard, managing director of vdma valves. at the end of the year, the foreign sales of the building, the valve manufacturer, with +2 % hit to beech, the domestic business castle with +1 %.
Technical building valves loaded to
In the individual product groups, sales developed very differently. the manufacturers of technical building fittings, able to build on the successful sales performance of the previous year and increased their total sales by 6 % (domestic +6 %, international +7 %).
A continuation of the development was also true for the manufacturers of valves for heating systems, but in the opposite direction. they lost more revenue in the order of 8 % (domestic -9 % abroad -8 %). the euro area proved to be, with a decline of 12 % as a special achilles heel.
The sanitary fittings industry developed between these two poles on a stagnation rate. here, the euro area showed interest (+4 %), however, the pulses in the domestic and the non-european markets (-3 %).
The most important rules for sun protection
It depends on your skin type. darker skin types can choose a lower light-protection factor, mean values are 30 spf and high values at 50 spf. the spf indicates how much longer you can expose to the sun without getting a sunburn than it would be without sun cream possible. the lsf information is valid, however, for the included uvb protection, however, always a sufficient uva should be protection in place. to be sure, one should look at the packaging: is the uva abbreviation in a circle, then the consumer can be sure that it is also guaranteed against radiation, which penetrates deeper into the skin, a protection. since smear it and it’s never thick enough, it is no problem to use a higher spf than you need, actually, to be sure. also with protection from the sun, it tans, although slower, but more sustainable and healthier.
How long can i stay in the sun – without sun-protection?
You are type 1, so very bright, is your self-protection time of approximately ten minutes. you are a type 2 – like most central europeans – 20 minutes, and so on. on www.uv-check.de you can determine your type and your self-protection time is calculated. when in doubt, but always, sooner from the sun than later.
How long can i stay in the sun – sun-protection?
Very important: never unlimited, no matter how high the sun protection factor (spf) is. guidance: use the light protection factor of ten, tenfold the time you can stay in the sun. for skin type 1, that means about 100 minutes. but: this time information is the theoretical values and only apply if you have applied the cream to the optimum. in practice, the sun can be protective by factors such as sweating, swimming or abrasion is significantly lower. experts therefore recommend to always take a maximum of 75 percent of the calculated time. please note: your sun protection time is not extended if you reapply. you don’t have to start from zero, but must deduct the time you were in the sun. the solar time will be extended only if you go in between, in the shadows.
How much sunscreen should i use?
Per lotion from top to bottom, you should use 30 to 35 ml. assistance: if you have a 100 ml bottle should be enough the quantity for three times applying . also useful is the two-finger rule: index finger and middle finger out on both fingers each with a strip of cream. and then: two finger for the head and neck, two to chest and abdomen, two for each arm, two for the thighs, two for the lower leg. also important is the when: the agent is always apply a half hour before you go out in the sun. the active ingredients need time to fully penetrate the skin.
The 10 most common mistakes in sun protection
How high should be the spf?
As high as necessary. because that depends on many factors – whether you are in the mountains or by the sea, whether you swim there is sports or the sun, why not just: as high as possible? if you are already on the lotion, make it with a minimum of spf 30. too thin a protection factor has not been the full force of protection. the higher the spf, the higher your chance to be adequately protected. don’t worry: you are, in spite of a high light protection factor brown. it just takes a little bit longer.
Also interesting: how good is the 10-euro protect me sun glasses?
I need to apply lotion to me also, if i just lie in the shade?
Yes. here, 50 per cent of uv still radiation. your self-protection time is doubled, but is still limited. the good news is that you are permanently in the shade brown.
What are the parts of the body are particularly sensitive?
You don’t believe, where they all sun burn
Milk, gel, oil, spray which consistency is right for me?
Most people with normal skin can cope with a normal sunscreen, or lotion well. who tends to have impurities in the face, you can not use a lighter, non-comedogenic cream, which clogs the pores. dry skin also tolerates sonnenöle that there are now with a very high light-protection factor. important: the less fragrance and additives are included, the general friendly a product is. if you are prone to dry skin, choose more of a cream. if you have oily skin and if you are prone to acne, it is recommended to a light fluid. a spray for the body to be comfortable and practical, for people with respiratory problems, but rather unsuitable. the respiratory tract can be irritated by very fine sprays, namely. when the spray is well tolerated, it contains very little fragrance and preservatives and is thick enough to be applied, it is a good alternative. creams are a little safer because one can better metering and checking that it is sufficiently protected. sprays are a bit inaccurate. you recognize rather poor, if the skin has sufficient protection. nevertheless: better to use a spray than no protection.
Display: here you will find the ideal sun-protective spray!
Will apply in the case of sun creams: expensive equal better?
No. pharmacy products are often developed specifically for skin problems. “allergy-friendly” means, for example, that in this cream, less ingredients are contained, the allergies and skin irritations can trigger. also, they contain less fat, which can irritate the skin. also, completely fragrance – and dyes omitted. in the pharmacy you receive advice, for example, which is the sun protection really fits the skin type. in general, the controversial chemical light protection factors are not included in the pharmacy products. in the drugstore there are good and well-tested products and who can tolerate this you can use safely. a lot of people react, however, to greasy creams with cosmetic acne. and pharmacy products are of consistency is often more pleasant in comparison to the often sticky drugstore products.
<, h2>such As a cream I correct?
As a guideline, for an adult, you can take the amount of sunscreen that can fit in one and a half to two shot glasses. only in this way the product keeps what it promises, namely, the high light protection factor. if you are wearing the sunscreen for a few hours and sweating, wearing or swimming is, it loses the effect.
More on the subject: therefore, after-sun cream is as important as protection from the sun
Can prevent sunscreen and skin cancer?
No. but the risk of skin cancer, is significantly reduced. the risk of a disease, may you never underestimate: experts anticipate that this year alone, 250,000 new cases in germany. the black skin cancer (malignant melanoma) has an annual growth rate of six to eight percent in the frequency of cases is doubling every ten years. thus, the skin cancer is the most common type of tumor in germany. can prevent you solely with a sufficient protection against uv radiation. by the way: in the meantime, any good skin doctor practice offers a skin cancer check. from the age of 35 years, the health insurance covers all the two years of investigation, some of the funds even earlier.
What bräunungsöle?these are not recommended because the oils enhance the tanning effect and a tan is always a desperate act of the skin. who would like to faster be brown, should rely on self-tanner that is completely harmless and colors only superficial. however, as a self-tanner is not sufficient as the only sun protection measure!also interesting: “the solarium is a deliberate attack”
How do i protect my children from the sun?
Generally speaking, you can. in the case of children with a lot of care in contact allergy, the body remembers forever therefore a lot of washing and chemicals should be avoided at all costs. when sun cream it is important that you know the physical light protection factors, that is, the blocker, the screens on the skin like a small sun, are better tolerated, but a white effect – this is what we see as a white film on the skin. these creams are often very thick, but if you are well tolerated, they are super for children.
Should i use in the summer, every day, lsf?
Yes. the sun, it doesn’t matter whether you are on the beach or run through the city. experts suggest that to protect face and hands from easter day, with a light protection factor. t-shirt weather all parts of the body, the you show (arms, legs, décolleté) to be creamed.
What is a sun allergy?
Many people are sensitive to creams, and show that either all the genes are on the skin or in the skin, for example in the cosmetics, fragrances contained, which decompose in the sun and react with the skin and a contact allergy trigger. this shows itself in redness, pustules, and itching. but also in the sun contained uva radiation can cause allergic reactions, the so-called mallorca acne.
Just who now sits in the lunch break in the sun, and otherwise only at the office staying, must protect themselves, because after the long sun break, you can burn particularly quickly. those who want to prevent early aging of the skin, a lotion on her body every day from now until the end of september.
Medical advice: dr. yael adler, practicing skin doctor in berlin and author of the book “up close: everything about our largest organ”, and dr. reinhard mrotzek, a dermatologist from dates.
Why do little clothes is a good idea
The output location: a huge, three-piece ikea-pax-wardrobe. full. each compartment can be from top to bottom, and every millimeter of the dress bar. these clothes masses asked me three years ago with a seemingly impossible task: they had to be drastically reduced. the reason: i had decided my apartment in berlin and from now on life is always there, just where i want to live and travel with 30 suitcases is somehow ungeil.
Categories to help with sorting out
Clean up is painful, when one has closed the hoarder-masses of dresses, tops, shoes and jumpers to the heart. the criteria was: i love and i really prefer to and i need to travel were my first. including the shoes suffered the most: nearly 70 pairs of ten were allowed to (!) stay. the rest was given away. overall, i reduced my wardrobe by about 80 percent.what was otherwise, according to my feng-shui-like attack, left, was still a small mountain, but less was not for the moment. keyword: attachment. i outsourced what should really come with traveling. at this point,
Every time when i come back to germany, browse i by the three suitcases with my snuggly winter jumpers, berlin suitable for onezies and wedding compatible high heels. while i realize what i am and what i have been missing for zero – and sort more. on every trip, clothes for the country of destination, or in the case of travel to remain known. the more i ausmiste and the more i for the next trip to pack, the easier it will be.
Also interesting: finally, order in the wardrobe — so geht’s!
Mhmmm…! snacks, with which we have forbidden us to slim snacking
A candy bar here, some chips there – of course, if you walk around naked, so, it can make in a jiffy on the scales as well. therefore, it is of the slender line, it is certainly the most appropriate to keep yourself a day to three healthy meals. if the small hunger around the corner, but nevertheless, we can give you some food warmly to the heart. let’s go!
The “jungle camp”hairstyles in style-check!
For the hairstyle he had the entire side of hair shaved-together knuddelte the upper hair into a small bun. as the fight hairstyle a handle to the cockroaches-the bathroom definitely practical and easy to care for, visually, but! felix round face looks even rounder and the mini-bun looks from a distance like a mouse (or other jungle creatures), which has made it on his head comfortably. the twitter users are clear:
Why did the felix a garbage bag as a hairstyle? #ibes
A— n (@tablets tablet) january 11, 2019
Felix’s hairstyle makes me ready to #ibes
Get me out of here 🐍🐛🕸🌿 (@_micha) january 11, 2019
To detect also interesting: gzsz-rebel franziska van der heide hardly
That’s why we should drink fruit never, but only to eat!
We have good news and bad news. the good: if we reduce three times a week a small bowl of blueberries to eat, our risk of diabetes by a quarter. the bad: a drink, we pressed the fruit as a juice, we increase the danger of infection and even.